RE: WE MUST HOLD FOSSIL FUEL COMPANIES RESPONSIBLE FOR CLIMATE CHANGE
Wildfires. Drought. Flooding. Rising sea levels. Climate change is already reshaping and impacting BC communities in profound and frightening ways. As unchecked fossil fuel pollution continues to push global temperatures ever higher, we are frightened for our communities, for communities around the world, and for the world we leave our children. These impacts are still more challenging for vulnerable groups - the poor, Indigenous people, women and children - who are often unable to respond to unexpected weather or other climate impacts.
But there is hope. If the fossil fuel companies – whose products are the major drivers of climate change – had to pay even a fraction of the associated climate costs, they would not be able to out-compete renewables and would pivot towards sustainable alternatives without delay. BC communities can play a key role in demanding accountability from the fossil fuel industry for the harm that they are causing our communities, and challenge the myth that the fossil fuel economy can continue business as usual despite the destruction it is causing to our atmosphere.
The fossil fuel industry is keen to avoid a conversation about its responsibility for climate change. Just 90 entities – primarily fossil fuel companies – have caused almost 2/3 of human caused greenhouse gas emissions, and just three – Chevron, Exxon Mobil and Saudi Aramco – are responsible for almost 10%!1 Like the tobacco industry before it, Big Oil relies on the perception that individual consumers are responsible for climate change while pocketing billions of dollars in profits from products that they know are disastrous for our atmosphere and communities around the world.2
BC and Canadian taxpayers will end up paying the costs of climate change in many different ways. But unless our communities demand that fossil fuel companies pay their fair share of these costs, this industry will continue pushing products that the world cannot afford to burn.
BC’s local governments are well placed to play a global leadership role by demanding accountability. We can come together to start a new global conversation about the moral and legal responsibility of the fossil fuel industry for its role in fueling climate change.
We – as BC-based community groups – support the Climate Law in our Hands Initiative and are asking you to:
1. DEMAND FOSSIL FUEL ACCOUNTABILITY
It has been rare for anyone to even ask the fossil fuel industry to take responsibility for its role in causing the global crisis – and the local climate impacts like floods, wildfires and droughts. This avoidance of responsibility ends in BC – when you, and other local governments across the province, write to the world’s fossil fuel companies asking them to take their fair share of responsibility for climate change.
This demand can take the form of a detailed invoice for climate costs or a letter simply enquiring as to the company’s position on paying a fair share. It can be tailored to reflect the needs and capacity of each community.3
2. WORK TOWARDS A CLASS ACTION LAWSUIT
BC communities can demand accountability from the fossil fuel industry in a variety of ways, but if necessary, we may need local governments to demand accountability through the courts.
Lawyers at West Coast Environmental Law have exhaustively researched how a class action – a joint legal action brought by one or more “representatives” of BC’s local governments – could be brought against major fossil fuel companies for their role in causing climate change.
We ask you to consider whether your municipality would be willing to launch a class action as a representative and/or how you might support a case launched by other local governments. BC communities need to come together and get behind this type of legal action. Bringing this case will make it clear that fossil fuel companies cannot avoid a legal conversation about accountability – and if we win, we will set a precedent that could change the world – putting us on a global path that will avoid more dangerous climate change.4
Both of these actions, as well as a general public discussion about the role of fossil fuels in our future economy, are most likely to move forward if our communities understand how we are being, and will be, impacted by climate change. We urge you to work with your citizens, climate scientists and other experts in a publicly transparent way to explore what needs to be done to prepare your community for climate change.
Whether we realize it or not, our communities are facing a tidal wave of costs, debt and disaster relief arising from the many effects of climate change. It is time to ask whether we alone are going to bear those expenses, or whether the companies that have made billions of dollars creating this situation also bear some responsibility.
By demanding that those who profit the most from climate change pay their fair share, BC local governments can dramatically reshape the global conversation about climate change and the fossil fuel industry. Community groups around BC will be calling on fossil fuel companies to take responsibility for their role in causing the climate crisis and we hope that you will join us.
West Coast Environmental Law Association
Coalition to Protect East Kamloops
Kelowna Chapter Council of Canadians
KAIROS BC/Yukon Kootenay Subregion
Silva Forest Foundation
Blewett Conservation Society
West Kootenay EcoSociety
UBC Environmental Law Group
Voters Taking Action on Climate Change
The WaterWealth Project
Citizens Against Urban Sprawl Society (CAUSS)
Atira Women’s Resource
The Canadian Youth Climate Coalition
Council of Canadians
Kitimat Terrace Clean Air Coalition
Douglas Channel Watch
BC Yukon Kairos
Sierra Club BC
Gibson Alliance of Business and Community Society
Sunshine Coast Conservation Association
Comox Valley Council of Canadians
Parksville Qualicum Beach KAIROS
Georgia Strait Alliance
Friends of Wild Salmon Coalition
Friends of Morice Bulkley
My Sea to Sky
Burnaby Pipeline Watch
Environmental Defense Working Group
Canadian Association of Physicians for the Environment
Public Health Association of BC
KAIROS Metro Van
Prince George Public Interest Research Group
Climate Change in Focus
We Love This Coast
Comox Valley Global Awareness Network
Earthkeepers: Christians for Climate Justice
Burnaby Residents Opposing Kinder Morgan Expansion-BROKE
Fraser Voices Association
Knox United Church
Association of Whistler Area
Residents for the Environment
Salmon Coast Field Station Society
Saanich Inlet Network
Additional signatures (received after 25 January 2017 and not sent with original letter):
Climate Action Powell River
Golden Women's Resource Centre
Sea to Sands Conservation Alliance
Social Environmental Alliance
Turning the Tide
UVic Environmental Law Club
 Heede, R. “Tracing anthropogenic carbon dioxide and methane emissions to fossil fuel and cement producers, 1854–2010 Climatic Change (2014) 122: 229. doi:10.1007/s10584-013-0986-y. See also http://www.climateaccountability.org/ for emissions figures through to 2013.
 Sample accountability letters are available here.
 See our BC Class Action page or have your lawyers speak with the Climate Law in our Hands team at West Coast Environmental Law for more information on the legal basis for a class action.